Female fertility factors

Due to the complex nature of the female conceptive tract, there can be many reasons why a woman can experience difficulty to get pregnant.

In this post we summarise some of the most important causes of female infertility.

Diminished Ovarian Reserve

Diminished ovarian save (DOR) is an ordinary physiological condition that regularly occurs amid the pre-menopausal years. It can influence patients after the age of 36, being more common after the age of 40. It can be rarely observed in patients in the late 20s and mid 30s. It is additionally found in patients who have had surgery on the ovaries for endometriosis or any other kind of surgery that can lead to a loss of ovarian tissue.

As a result of this loss, the quantity of eggs available every month is diminished. These patients tend to have shorter menstrual cycles, around every 21 days. In the early phases of DOR, there are some menstrual cycles that are still typical.

In these patients, fertility is diminished not only because there are fewer available eggs, but the quality of them decreases as well.

Premature Ovarian Failure

Premature ovarian failure (POF) is the onset of menopause before the age of 40. More often than not, the cause is unknown, however it might be related with chromosome issues, immunological problems ( antibodies against the ovary), lupus or thyroid malfunctioning.

Obviously, POF impacts fertility since the menstrual cycle disappears and there is no ovulation.


Uterine fibroids are non-cancerous developments of uterine tissue. Their size can go from millimeters to even some centimetres. Fibroids regularly cause no symptoms, unless they develop sufficiently to increase  the pressure on different organs. Fibroids are very normal in ladies between ages 30 and 45. Substantial fibroids may limit the uterine cavity and prompt to premature delivery or miscarriages.


Endometriosis is a typical issue that we can define as the presence of uterine cells outside the uterine cavity. The tissue gets to be distinctly connected to conceptive or stomach organs, and swells with blood amid feminine cycle as though it were still in the uterus.

Since this blood is caught inside the tissue and can’t be shed through the vagina, blood may form into pimples, scar tissue, or bonds (sinewy groups that connection together different tissues that are typically isolated). This can be exceptionally painful.

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (“PCOS”) is a medical condition portrayed by unfrequent menstrual cycles, overweight, hirsutism (additional hair on trunk, belly and back), and increment of male hormone levels in the blood.

PCOS impacts fertility by diminishing the quantity of times a lady will ovulate all through her lifetime. Besides, patients tend to have overwhelming menstrual periods that could create endometrial polyps and different changes at the endometrial coating level. This makes it troublesome for incipient organism implantation.

Pelvic Adhesions

Pelvic adhesions are scars or fibrotic tissue created around the tubes, ovaries, entrail and the uterus. Typically this is a consequence of past venereal infections like chlamydia, gonorrhea, additionally could be the aftereffect of past surgeries inside the region.

Pelvic attachments affect fertility by meddling with the capacity of the fallopian tube to get the oocyte at the season of ovulation.

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